In this paper, we provide survey data that show that many parents know that their underage children are on Facebook in violation of the site's restrictions and that they are often complicit in helping their children join the site. Our data suggest that, by creating a context in which companies choose to restrict access to children, COPPA inadvertently undermines parents' ability to make choices and protect their children's data. Our data have significant implications for policy-makers, particularly in light of ongoing discussions surrounding COPPA and other age-based privacy laws.
As a result of COPPA, Web site operators must obtain affirmative consent from parents before children under 13 can create an account. Many Web sites have chosen to avoid these obligations by banning all those younger than 13 through the Terms of Service (ToS) contracts to which new users must consent.
In response, we propose that policy-makers shift away from privacy regulation models that are based on age or other demographic categories and, instead, develop universal privacy protections for online users. This would avoid creating an environment where service providers like Facebook have incentives to "divide and conquer" populations in terms of privacy and data collection policies.
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Los temas de social media y niños siempre son controvertidos... no sé, tal vez la idea de permitir accesos por edades pudiese ser beneficiosa....